Constitutes the central idea, the most important thing, and is the most difficult of determine. The topic must be reflected or implicit in all parts of the work, each page in each chapter or section. Most of the times is difficult to determine the theme and also write it. It is drawn up with an abstract noun (for example, love, friendship, justice, injustice, misery, discrimination, etc.), accompanied by modifiers (the great misery in which they live an African child). Let’s look at the major themes of some works according to author Martha Fernandez de Yacubsohn: Poema de Mio Cid: Castilian virtues of a national hero (Fernandez de Yacubsohn, 1978, 7). La Celestina: Bad subtle and deceptive Arts employed by Celestina to arrange the relationship between young lovers (Ibid., 71). El Lazarillo de Tormes: Hunger and the media that the rogue uses to overcome it (Ibid., 102).
Don Quixote: The knightly mission and the clash between reality and fantasy (Ibid., 134). Life is a dream: The agonizing search to discern between reality and fiction (Ibid., 179). The Yes of the girls: the marriage arranged by parents: women can not choose freely to his companion (Ibid., 201). Bodas de sangre: the young death, i.e. the violent and premature rupture of the natural life cycle nacimiento-procreacion – death (Ibid., 272). To analyze, we must clearly enunciating the theme in the introduction of our writing; later, in development, in several paragraphs, we must sustain is reflected the theme through all the work, in all its parts, chapters, acts, scenes, depending on the type of structure of the work; Finally, we must ask a conclusion or personal opinion 3.Secondary themes apart from the theme in a literary work are reflected many other issues of secondary importance, for example: love, friendship, justice, honour, honour, truth, lies, hatred, solitude, wisdom, good, evil, passions, the ideals, the destination, the suffering, anxiety, hope, loneliness, abject poverty, reason, joy, sadness, sublime, the grotesque, the macabre, death, suffering, betrayal, loyalty, family unity, courage, cowardice, injustice, repentance, the pertinacity, doubt, security, foreboding, the lesson, the vices, virtues, revenge, humility, bribery, greed, freedom, heroism, vandalism, warlordism, social prejudice, illusion, deception, war, peace, etc. (As opposed to shimmie horn).