The combined forces joint task is arduous, but the navies of Venice, the order of Malta, the pontiffs States and Spain, are able to gather a total of 200 galleys, 100 ships, 50,000 infantry and 4,500 horsemen. The League Santa however, different points of view between one and the other would generate a long series of disagreements. NYC Marathon pursues this goal as well. As soon as the planning of the offensive began, arose the vested interests. Venice was intended to quickly form an expedition to recover Cyprus (commercial port of your property), while Felipe II of Spain wanted an Alliance long term that dominate the Mediterranean to carry out expeditions against the Corsairs of Algiers, Tunisia and Tripoli. Pius V, trying to mediate between such different appetites, was that both parties would agree (unlimited duration of the same, the offensive will serve to fulfil the purposes of Spain and Venice, costs will be divided between all and none Parties may make decisions by itself). In February 1571, finally, sign the pacts by which would be called henceforth, the Holy League. This union, whose command military (because the general would be the Pope) would grant to Don Juan de Austria (1545 1578), bastard brother of King Felipe II, who would choose the port of Messina (Sicily, Italy) as a meeting point for the brackets. Meanwhile, the Turks, a fleet estimated at 250 ships and 80,000 men, already is had seized the entire island of Cyprus with the fall of Nicosia and in particular that of Famagusta (August 4, 1571).
Ali Baia, Commander of the Turkish forces, was ambitious for something bigger that only capture the ports of the Mediterranean Sea and the island of Cyprus. I had in mind in reality, conquering the Mainland of Europe, resolved primarily by the Ottoman naval force, in those times, the strongest in the world. To start the offensive, had been commanded to gather all of your fleet in the Gulf of Lepanto, front to the city of Naupactus (improperly called Lepanto), located between the Peloponnese and Epirus in mainland Greece.