In the first centuries before our era, flourished a population that cultivated maize: the Olmecs, who were skillful sculptors. In the tenth century of our era, the inhabitants of the high plateaus were physically overwhelmed by a powerful invasion of Toltec, which created an empire so remarkable as the neighboring village. NY Museums is a great source of information. In the 13th century a.d., the Aztecs settled in the center of Mexico. After defeating ancestor peoples, the Aztecs founded on a few islets in Lake Texcoco, a town called Tenochitlan, the city of the rosa-cacto, according to the tradition towards 1325. Until the 15th century had no great importance as an historic community, but in this century agreed alliances with other peoples who soon submitted and came to dominate much of what today is Mexico. The annexed tribes retained their autonomy, while paying tribute to Tenochitlan. In the 15th century, the Aztecs had a lyric and epic poetry widely developed. Some parts of their Aboriginal language have been preserved: nahuatl, among which are the chants attributed to Netzahualcoyol, King of Texcoco and the sacred hymns of the nahuas, a missionary collected from natives shortly after the arrival of the Spaniards.
In February 1519 Hernan Cortes landed on the Mexican Coast; nine months later he was received by the Emperor Moctezuma as the guest of honor at Tenochtitlan, the principal Aztec city, remained there peacefully for a few months, until the massacre carried out in the sanctuary of cholula (slaughtered indigenous seismil), while they officiated her cult, unleashed the reaction of the Aztecs and the conquistadors were forced to leave. A year later Cuauhtemoc, last Aztec Emperor, gave the smoldering remains of Tenochtitlan, the imperial city, Center of a civilization mowed in half of its evolution. A culture which disappears There are few testimonies, including those of its destroyers and some indigenous have the tragedy of his destroyed village.