The Basic Ideas And Theories Of Friedrich Nietzsche

Following Schopenhauer, Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) as the primary reality of life Noah considers the "will to power" as a basic and guiding principle of life. Moreover, the principle of the will to power Nietzsche brings not only the domain of humanity skoy activity, but also on non-living, and organic nature. The Will to Power won organizes the space of life, and giving each phenomenon corresponding character values. If Schopenhauer saw the rejection of the "will to life" samootreche Institute, asceticism as a means of deliberately reducing the will of the spa Senia, then Nietzsche's opposition to the statement "will to power" ("Life tends to maximize the feeling of power"). Along with the doctrine of the will to power leading anskoy ideas Nietzsche philosophy and teachings are the "revaluation of all valuable Stein, of the eternal return, the superman", etc. All the values of Western culture should be reconsidered, since in this culture is formed complete disregard to the real world by a third party , devalued life itself, which is considering etsya only as a prelude to another, the afterlife. Starting from Socrates ("theorizing man") was born prolonged ny process of departure from the values of humanity outside the experience of life – an era of global nihilism.

To indicate the onset of a new mood of the World Noah era revaluation of all values for the next era nor gilizma, Nietzsche I used the symbol of world events as the "death of God." "God, who died" for Nietzsche is the God who can not die, that is, most likely, only God olitsetvo tron old gods, beliefs, prejudices, than God itself. "Death of God" symbolizes not just the loss of faith in the supreme value, but for a reassessment of previous values, the approval of the new hierarchy, filling them with "life New York." A man can do is "earth" is only a requirement establish "a new layout of the field of life," to rise above its current state, to become superhuman, vlasteli rated this "land" for its own sake. Therefore, the ideal of the superman and the goal becomes the meaning of life, sense of history, and this formed a superman, sprouting from the old man chooses will to power as an act of their own volition. In his book "Thus Spake Zarathustra," Nietzsche exclaims: "The dead are gods, now we want superman that lived – that is to be a great afternoon will be our last!